Web development comes with many techniques that every website developer should know. If you want to create a website, you need to be familiar with web technologies that will help you achieve your goals. Building an app or website generally requires knowledge of 3 main languages: JavaScript, CSS, and HTML. Does it sound quite complicated? Understanding web technology and knowing how it works makes it significantly easier. You may need more time, training, and patience to delve deeper into the subject, but you’ll end up doing it well in the end. Now, let’s take a look.

  1. Client-side programming:

Front end development or client-side programming enables the web application to be visible in an internet browser. It is responsible for how users interact with web applications. Technologies that comprise front end development for web applications are:

  • HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language): It is used to structure the content of a web page, which is very important.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheet): It styles the content of a web page.
  • JavaScript: enables web applications to be interactive at runtime. It allows you to add various animated and interactive elements to make a web page more intuitive. For most web applications, it is a commonly used framework for HTML and CSS.
  1. Back-end Development:

Back-end is not visible to users, it works behind the scenes. It provides the web application and manages the communication between each of its components. Back-end development allows each component of the application to understand how and when to respond to user requests.

Back-end development for web applications has three parts: the programming language, the database, and a server.

  1. Programming Languages & Frameworks:

The technology that builds up your website are server-side. To program business logic or custom functionality into your website, web developers use programming languages. Which programming language should you use for web development of your website? Unless you have unlimited access to the source code, you can’t.

A framework takes your website to the next level. You can think of it as an influential piece in building your website. A framework is a group of optimized and field-tested code libraries used to build a website. Your web developer has a framework or platform that they use most often. Just make sure the framework is one that other web developers will be able to work with. Most modern complex websites rely on frameworks because they make web development more affordable.

Following are some commonly used programming languages ​​along with frameworks:

  • Ruby (Ruby on Rails)
  • JavaScript (NodeJS, MeteorJS, ExpressJS
  • PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter)
  • Python (Django, Flask)

Some of the most popular databases for web development are:

  • MySQL (related)
  • PostgreSQL (Relational)
  • MongoDB (non-relational, document)
  1. Database:

A database server is the underlying component of your website where your entire website data is stored. This is where your website will store all information such as products, orders, transactions, user records, etc. Most CMS (Content Management Systems) even use databases to store website content. The text of your website may be stored in the database. The usual databases for web developers are MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle and Postgres. The choice usually depends on other technologies covered below.

  1. Web Server Software:

The term web server can refer to the hardware or software that helps deliver your website to the end user. The web server is the layer between the operating system and the rest of web development. Two web servers that dominate the Internet landscape are: Apache (Linux) and IIS (Microsoft).

  1. Operating system:

Windows Server is a Microsoft product that requires a license to purchase. The bottom layer of your website that does all the work is the operating system running on the physical server machine. There are two underlying operating systems for most websites: Linux and Microsoft Windows. Linux is an underlying open source (free) operating system.

  1. Web Stack

A stack is a combination of technologies or components required to deliver a fully functional website. Most websites divide into two categories: LAMP (Linux-based) or WISA (Windows-based).

Grasping these technologies require time, energy, dedications, and many more. If you are overwhelmed with these technologies or you don’t have time to learn these web technologies, consider hiring Sova Computer to build highly scalable websites for your business.